Kresta in the Afternoon – October 31, 2019 – Hour 1

+  Kresta Comments: Was the Reformation a Success?

  • + Articles Mentioned:

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    • Heroes & Heretics of the Reformation

      Not since the birth of Christ has an event shaken the foundations of the Western world like the Reformation. Now, 500 years after Luther nailed his ninety-five theses to the door at Wittenberg the sound of which served as the thunder presaging the storm to come Phillip Campbell, author of The Story of Civilization, casts fresh eyes on that tumultuous time and its most influential characters. It was a tumultuous time, filled with heroes, heretics, and some who were a little bit of both. It was a time of destruction and rebuilding. Some sincerely sought reform while others sought merely to profit by it, and some perhaps too few used the events of the time to become saints. In these pages meet as you ve never met before:

      • Martin Luther: the tortured Augustinian monk whose act at Wittenberg called forth the storm
      • Thomas Müntzer: the radical who, inspired by the new way of thinking and his own apocalyptic views, sought to use the sword to usher in the reign of God; he would feel the sting of Luther's words and the bite of the executioner s blade.
      • The queens: Mary and Elizabeth Tudor, who were at different times bastardized and delegitimized by their father Henry VIII, but who each reigned during this period of upheaval. One is known to history by a derogatory epithet, while the other, bloodier still, has an epoch named in her honor.
      • The popes: Paul III and Pius V, each of whom sought to save what could be saved of Christendom, one through the calling of the Council of Trent, which codified an authentic Catholic Reform, and the other through the calling of a new crusade to fend off the ever-threatening Turks.
      • St. Peter Canisius: who lived a life of sanctity as he tried to reconcile those who had drifted away back to the Church.
      Through the lives of those above and others, dramatically unfolded in Campbell s stirring narrative, learn how the heroes and heretics of the tumultuous sixteenth century shook the world, for better or for worse. (learn more)

    • Rebel in the Ranks: Martin Luther, the Reformation, and the Conflicts That Continue to Shape Our World

      On the 500th anniversary of the Reformation comes this compelling, illuminating, and expansive religious history that examines the complicated and unintended legacies of Martin Luther and the epochal movement that continues to shape the world today. For five centuries, Martin Luther has been lionized as an outspoken and fearless icon of change who ended the Middle Ages and heralded the beginning of the modern world. In Rebel in the Ranks, Brad Gregory, renowned professor of European history at Notre Dame, recasts this long-accepted portrait. Luther did not intend to start a revolution that would divide the Catholic Church and forever change Western civilization. Yet his actions would profoundly shape our world in ways he could never have imagined. Gregory analyzes Luther’s inadvertent role in starting the Reformation and the epochal changes that followed. He reveals how Luther’s insistence on the Bible as the sole authority for Christian truth led to conflicting interpretations of its meaning—and to the rise of competing churches, political conflicts, and social upheavals. Ultimately, he contends, some of the major historical and cultural developments that arose in its wake—including the Enlightenment, individual self-determination and moral relativism, and a religious freedom that protects one’s right to worship or even to reject religion—would have appalled Luther: a reluctant revolutionary, a rebel in the ranks, whose goal was to make society more Christian, yet instead set the world on fire. (learn more)

    • The Reformation 500 Years Later: 12 Things You Need to Know

      2017 is the 500th year anniversary of Martin Luther’s nailing his Ninety-five Theses to the door of Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany, the event marking the beginning of the Reformation―and the end of unified Christianity. For Catholics, it was an unjustified rebellion by the heterodox. For Protestants, it was the release of true and purified Christianity from centuries-old enslavement to corruption, idolatry, and error. So what is the truth about the Reformation? To mark the 500th anniversary, historian Benjamin Wiker gives us 12 Things You Need to Know About the Reformation, a straight-forward account of the world-changing event that rejects the common distortions of Catholic, Protestant, Marxist, Freudian, or secularist retellings. (learn more)

+  Are Catholicism and America compatible? (2 segments)

  • Description: In 1995 Pope St John Paul II proclaimed "America has always wanted to be a land of the free. Today, the challenge facing America is to find freedom’s fulfillment in the truth.” This question of freedom in truth and what to do with one's freedom had long been a special challenge for Catholic Americans. John Pinheiro joins us with more.
  • Segment Guests:
    • Dr. John Pinheiro
      John Pinheiro is a Professor of History and Director of Catholic Studies at Aquinas College in Grand Rapids, Michigan. He's the author most recently of The American Experiment in Ordered Liberty and has also written Missionaries of Republicanism: A Religious History of the Mexican-American War and Manifest Ambition: James K Polk and Civil-Military Relations During the Mexican War.
  • + Articles Mentioned:

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    • The American Experiment in Ordered Liberty

      The question of whether Catholicism is compatible with the American project in liberal democracy remains contentious. Many contemporary Catholic writers and intellectuals answer in the negative. In this volume, Professor John Pinheiro brings historical expertise to the topic, assessing the merits of the American project by focusing on the founding period. He examines the views of the founders and the realities of early American culture in light of the principles of Catholic social teaching and finds no simple answer to the question of Catholic and American compatibility. For the American experiment was not the realization of an ideological agenda; instead, it was the practical outworking of a commitment to protect traditional liberties. These liberties were largely consistent with Catholic doctrine. If the American project is not perfect, neither is it beyond redemption. Pinheiro points out that the task given to Catholics is not to raze the institutions of religious and political liberty but instead to "redeem the time" by embracing good and opposing evil in our own day. (learn more)

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