National Review Online | Published on March 13, 2014
A year after John Paul II was elected, the Church and the world knew that this “man from a far country” (as he had described himself the night of his election) was a formidable intellect and a charismatic leader who could rally millions of ordinary souls to a great cause — their own interior liberation from the Communist culture of the lie. A year into the pontificate some feared, and for which others hoped, would not take place, and Benedict XVI, like John Paul II, would secure the Church’s understanding of the Second Vatican Council as a Council of reform in continuity with the great tradition of the Church.
A year into the papacy of Pope Francis, however, the world and the Church continue to wonder just what this pontificate will bring — and no small part of that puzzlement, it seems to me, has to do with the “narrativizing of the pope” that has been underway in much of the world media for the better part of a year. Perhaps now, on this first anniversary of his election to the Chair of Peter, it’s time to set aside the narratives and look at what the pope has actually said and done, in order to get a better sense of where he may be leading more than 1.2 billion Catholics and those outside the Catholic Church who look to Francis for leadership and inspiration.
His most significant papal document to date, the apostolic exhortation Evangelii Gaudium, showed him to be a man completely committed to reenergizing the Church as a missionary enterprise. This evangelical vision of the Catholic future, which was the dominant motif of the last half of the pontificate of John Paul II, is also in continuity with a regularly repeated injunction of Benedict XVI: The days of culturally transmitted Catholicism, or what some might call Catholicism by osmosis, are over and done with. But while Benedict XVI evinced a certain nostalgia for the culturally embedded Catholicism of his Bavarian childhood, Pope Francis has made it quite clear that there is to be no yearning for what is now irretrievably past. At Vatican II, the Catholic Church came to grips with the fact that it could no longer be a politically kept institution; the days of religious establishment were over. Pope Francis is insisting that the Church confront the fact that it can no longer be a culturally kept institution, given the toxicity of postmodern Western culture and its aggressive distaste for Biblical religion.
Six years before his election to the papacy, Jorge Mario Bergoglio led the bishops of Latin America to a new understanding of the impossibility of “kept” Catholicism, at the Fifth General Conference of the Bishops of Latin America and the Caribbean, which met at the Marian shrine of Aparecida, Brazil. The closing document of the Aparecida conference, read through the prism of the past year, now looks like a preview of the evangelical radicalism of Pope Francis’s papacy. For the bishops at Aparecida pulled no punches, writing that “a Catholic faith reduced to mere baggage, to a collection of rules and prohibitions, to fragmented devotional practices, to selective and partial adherence to the truths of faith, to occasional participation in some sacraments, to the repetition of doctrinal principles, to bland or nervous moralizing . . . [cannot] withstand the trials of time.”
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