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Defending the Faith

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Three Teachings on Temptation

Three Teachings on Temptation

Sunday’s Gospel about the temptation of Jesus in the desert by Satan evokes several questions. The answers I propose are not intended to be a theological treatise, but rather a pastoral reflection. I. Why does God permit temptation? God does not permit any evil or

Did Mary Need to be Redeemed?

Did Mary Need to be Redeemed?

The feast of the Immaculate Conception, celebrated by the Catholic Church on December 8 each year, can sometimes cause confusion about the question of Mary’s redemption. The doctrine of the Immaculate Conception, proclaimed in 1854 by Pope Pius IX, states that Mary was free from